Trials, Basic Trial Procedure & Common Crimes

From: Legal Language

By almost any measure, the United States is the most litigious country in the world. If you ever find yourself in the position of being involved in a trial, you should make sure you know what will be involved. Therefore, Legal Language Services has provided you with information to give you a general overview on the United States’ court and trial systems.

Legal Language Services can translate any documents or transcribe any tape or digital media you may need for evidence in your trial. LLS can also certify our translations and transcriptions so they will be acceptable for submission in any trial in the United States or abroad.

With the complicated legal system the United States has, you should always make sure to have an attorney to help navigate the loopholes and legalese you will no doubt encounter. If you need to find an attorney for an upcoming trial or legal question, you can search Legal Language Services’ extensive attorney database for FREE to locate one in your area.

Types of Trials

There are many kinds of trials that take place in United States courtrooms every day. All trial types, however, can be categorized into 4 different case types: civil, criminal, juvenile and traffic.

  • Civil Case – A trial that consists of a disagreement between two or more people or businesses. Examples: disputes between a landlord and tenant, divorce actions, small claims cases and a case where one person is suing another for damages.
  • Criminal Case – A trial involving a person who has been accused of committing either a misdemeanor or a felony offense.
  • Juvenile Case – A trial that usually involves a minor who is under the age of seventeen. Juvenile cases are heard by the family division of the circuit court. There are three types of juvenile cases: juvenile delinquency, child protective hearings and traffic cases.
  • Traffic Case – This is the most common type of trial, related to a traffic violation. A traffic violation can be considered either a civil infraction or a misdemeanor.

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